LONDON (AP) — Unions protested at British ports Friday, demanding the government step in to save jobs and protect key trade routes after major ferry operator P&O Ferries fired 800 U.K. crew members to replace them with cheaper contract staff.
P&O has canceled all its ferry crossings between Britain and continental Europe, threatening to disrupt the movement of travelers and goods across the English Channel and North Sea for days.
The British government expressed outrage at the mass firings — done over Zoom message — but suggested it could do little to reverse them. The staff cuts came after P&O received millions in British government aid during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said he felt shock and dismay at P&O’s “insensitive and brutal treatment of its employees.”
During a Conservative party meeting in Blackpool, northwest England, Shapps said he was “looking at whether there are contracts the government might have with P&O” that could be used to pressure the company.
Unions accused the Conservative government of taking too light a touch with big businesses. Gordon Martin of the RMT transport union accused the government of crying “crocodile Tory tears” and said weak British labor laws were allowing “bandit capitalism” to become rife.
Unions have long objected to “fire and rehire” policies that let companies fire staff and reemploy them on worse terms. Under British labor laws, such extreme action is only meant to be done after extensive consultation with staff.
“We don’t believe this was the case for P&O staff, but we are looking into this very carefully,” said Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s spokesman, Max Blain.
He said it was “too early to be definitive” about whether P&O had breached labor laws.
The company’s drastic action could cause wider economic disruption. The company canceled ferry crossings on routes linking England to Ireland, Northern Ireland the Netherlands and France, including the cross-Channel Dover-Calais route that carries a large chunk of U.K.-Europe passengers and freight.
The government said the suspension could last a week to 10 days but insisted it did not expect “major disruption” because other ferry companies continued to ply the routes.
P&O said it had no choice but to cut costs after the pandemic hammered its finances, leading it to post a 100 million pound ($132 million) loss last year. The ferry operator, a unit of Dubai-government owned logistics giant DP World, said its survival was “dependent on making swift and significant changes now.’’
Chief executive Peter Hebblethwaite said replacing unionized U.K. seafarers with employees hired through the company International Ferry Management would cut P&O’s labor costs in half, according to a letter obtained by news site Mirror Online.
The opposition Labour Party demanded the Conservative government suspend DP World’s contracts and licenses and claw back the 4.3 million pounds ($5.6 million) it gave the company in emergency funding during the pandemic.
Some crew members initially refused to leave their vessels after being told Thursday that they were being fired, and unions were protesting Friday at ports.
Several hundred rallied beside the famous white cliffs in Dover, carrying banners that said, “Save our seafarers” and “Save Britain’s ferries.” Another 200 protested in the northeast England port of Hull, walking past the berthed ferry Pride of Hull before banging on the doors of the ferry terminal building.
Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham said the government should consider nationalizing P&O.
“I say to the prime minister: You have to step in, and you have to deliver on your commitment to strengthen employment law so this kind of gangster practice can’t be allowed to happen any more,” Burnham told a rally in the northwest port of Liverpool.
The head of the Nautilus International union, which represents some P&O crew, said there were safety concerns about contract staff operating the vessels in the English Channel, one of the world’s busiest shipping routes.
Nautilus and another union, RMT, said they were preparing legal action against the company.
“This is clearly illegal,” Nautilus General-Secretary Mark Dickinson said. “It’s a dark day in the shipping industry.”
P&O Ferries’ ultimate owner is Dubai World, a holding company that says it is committed to “generating value” for its shareholder, the government of Dubai. The company’s chairman is Sheikh Ahmed Bin Said Al Maktoum, a member of the Dubai royal family.
Dubai World’s holdings include the global logistics company DP World, which owns P&O Ferries. The company operates ports, shipping terminals and other facilities that employ more than 71,000 people in 69 countries around the world. In November, the company became the title sponsor of the European professional golf tour, which is now known as the DP World Tour.
DP World on March 10 said net income rose 5.9%, to $896 million last year. Revenue jumped 26%, to $10.8 billion, after it acquiring assets in the U.S., India, South Korea, Ukraine, Angola and Canada.
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